The basic physical features of New Hampshire are the result of the most recent glacial age (approximately 70,000 to 10,000 years ago), during which the Wisconsin ice sheet moved like a huge bulldozer across New England from the northwest to the southeast. Loose sand, silt, clay, and gravel were deposited as masses of glacial till that, near the town of Greenland, are 395 feet (120 metres) in depth. The mountain notches of New Hampshire—Crawford, Dixville, Franconia, and Pinkham—are the result of the glacial action, as are the potholes and cirques (deep, steep-walled basins on mountains) found in the state. The many lakes that dot the New Hampshire countryside are also the results of glacial action; the largest of these is Lake Winnipesaukee in the east-central part of the state. With its mountainous and heavily forested terrain, New Hampshire has a growing tourism sector centered on outdoor recreation.
- When the first European settlers arrived in New Hampshire in the early 17th century, Native Americans generally lived peacefully alongside their new neighbors.
- Average daytime highs are in the mid 70s°F to low 80s°F (24–28 °C) throughout the state in July, with overnight lows in the mid 50s°F to low 60s°F (13–15 °C).
- Not surprisingly, it’s called the Monadnock region, and is also known as the “Currier & Ives Corner” for its idyllic villages with white church spires and its abundance of covered bridges.
- The Shakers established several villages throughout New England, including the Canterbury Shaker Village in 1792.
- New Hampshire is the third whitest state in the U.S., after it’s neighbors Maine and Vermont.
As of the 2020 census, the resident population of New Hampshire was 1,377,529, a 4.6% increase since the 2010 United States Census. Glaciers, which once covered the White Mountains in a mile-thick layer of ice, formed Polar Caves by scraping huge chunks of rock ledge off the mountainside as they melted and slid southward. These boulders and granite slabs fell into a tumble at the base of a towering cliff, creating caves and passages underneath and between them. In the central Lakes Region, country roads north of scenic Squam Lake wind through pretty villages of Holderness, Sandwich, and Tamworth, some of New Hampshire’s most attractive small towns, with views to the White Mountains.
North Conway and Mt. Washington Valley Ski Resorts
New Hampshire is a “Dillon Rule” state, meaning the state retains all powers not specifically granted to municipalities. Even so, the legislature strongly favors local control, particularly concerning land use regulations. New Hampshire municipalities are classified as towns or cities, which differ primarily by the form of government. Most towns generally operate on the town meeting form of government, where the registered voters in the town act as the town legislature, and a board of selectmen acts as the executive of the town.
- When these melted and receded, the combination of meltwater and moving ice carved deep potholes into the granite and tore loose giant boulders, dropping them helter-skelter across the landscape.
- Town hall attendees USA TODAY spoke with at a Haley event in North Conway Thursday described the response as a minor blip in her campaign.
- Despite the backlash and the criticism from Haley’s GOP rivals, voters who attended Haley’s campaign events on Thursday were not swayed by the controversy.
- His campaign was plagued by a similar controversy earlier this year, when the governor supported a statement in Florida’s Social Studies curriculum that suggested slaves gained “personal benefit” from being enslaved.
- These are marked on the state highway map, so you can easily follow a route that includes six of them.
The forest begins to shrink as the elevation increases and the road enters the zone where trees are stunted and bent by the high winds; then trees disappear entirely as the road climbs past the timberline into a precipitous rock-strewn landscape. Completed in 1861, the Mt. Washington Auto Road is America’s oldest continuously operating tourist attraction. Ascending more than 4,500 feet from the base to the summit, the 7.6-mile road is not for the faint of heart. Climbing at an average gradient of 12 percent, the narrow road begins benignly through woodlands, with occasional valley views. The Cog Railway only ascends to the summit between May and October, but in the winter, you can ride as far as the Waumbek Station, an Alpine meadow at 4,000 feet elevation. There you can enjoy the sweeping views, and sip hot chocolate in the warming huts or around a fire pit.
These Towns in Kansas Come Alive in Winter
The White Mountains are well known for their rugged terrain and steep hillsides covered with coniferous trees, including red spruce and balsam fir. This region is one of New England’s most heavily forested areas and is home to some of New Hampshire’s highest peaks, such as Mount Washington (6288 ft) and Mount Monroe (5372 ft). The White Mountain National Forest covers nearly 800,000 acres within this region, providing ample opportunities for outdoor recreation like hiking, biking, snowshoeing, skiing & snowboarding. The Shakers established several villages throughout New England, including the Canterbury Shaker Village in 1792.
There is so much to do in New Hampshire – historic Portsmouth, hiking trails in its White Mountains, and beautiful campgrounds for outdoor lovers – that you could spend several vacations here without ever crossing its borders. Combining local history (Dover was the state’s first permanent settlement and celebrates its 400th anniversary in 2023) with a wider range of natural sciences and cultural exhibits, the privately endowed Woodman Institute complex is a delightful trove of surprises. Their story also includes more than 400 paintings by the impressionist artist Childe Hassam, who came to the summer arts colony that once thrived here, attracting well-known authors, poets, and artists of the day.
Slavery and the Civil War
In 2006, Democrats won both congressional seats (electing Carol Shea-Porter in the first district and Paul Hodes in the second), re-elected Governor John Lynch, and gained a majority on the Executive Council and in both houses for the first time since 1911. Democrats had not held both the legislature and the governorship since 1874. Neither U.S. Senate seat was up for a vote in 2006. In 2008, Democrats retained their majorities, governorship, and Congressional seats; and former governor Jeanne Shaheen defeated incumbent Republican John E. Sununu for the U.S.
The closing of the Amoskeag Mills in 1935 was a major blow to Manchester, as was the closing of the former Nashua Manufacturing Company mill in Nashua in 1949 and the bankruptcy of the Brown Company paper mill in Berlin in the 1940s, which led to new ownership. Wentworth promptly complicated New Hampshire’s territorial claims by interpreting the provincial charter to include territory west of the Connecticut River and began issuing land grants in this territory, which was also claimed by the Province of New York. The so-called New Hampshire Grants area became a subject of contention from the 1740s until the 1790s when it was admitted to the United States as the state of Vermont.
In the summer and fall, the Conway Scenic Railroad runs the entire length of the valley in vintage cars. On beautiful summer and fall days, you may need a reservation for parking at the trailheads, and the summit may have the ambiance of a Boston subway station at rush hour, but I still find the views sensational and enjoy the camaraderie of fellow climbers. A good way to enjoy the scenery of the long valley of the Saco River as it winds between the mountains is on the Conway Scenic Railroad. Trains run in two directions from the beautiful 1874 Victorian station in the center of North Conway. Throughout the 19th century, New Hampshire’s major textile manufacturing state attracted French-Canadian workers from Québec and New Brunswick.
Its tributaries include the Contoocook River, Pemigewasset River, and Winnipesaukee River. The 410-mile (660 km) Connecticut River, which starts at New Hampshire’s Connecticut Lakes and flows south to Connecticut, defines the western border with Vermont. The “northwesternmost headwaters” of the Connecticut also define the part of Canada–U.S.
The state is colloquially known as the “Granite State” – for its extensive quarries and granite formations. The above blank map represents the State of New Hampshire, located in the north-eastern https://accounting-services.net/bookkeeping-new-hempshire/ (New England) region of the United States. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for geography education purposes like map-pointing and coloring activities.